01 02 03 Institute for Effective Education, University of York: Study examines the time it takes to become proficient in English 04 05 15 16 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 31 32 33

Study examines the time it takes to become proficient in English

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This study from the Institute of Education Sciences examined how long it typically takes children with English as an additional language (EALs) to become proficient in English and how this time differs by student characteristics such as gender, home language, or initial proficiency in English. The authors analysed state data for nearly 17,000 EALs who entered kindergarten (Year 1) between 2005/06 and 2011/12 in seven cohorts in Washington State in the US. Key findings included:
The authors hope this information can help to identify students who may take longer to reach proficiency and therefore may need additional support. Also, they say the information can help inform assessment and accountability systems and help establish targets that take specific factors, such as English proficiency at entry to school, into account.

Source: English Learner Student Characteristics and Time To Reclassification: An Example From Washington State (2016), REL Northwest.

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