A recent meta-analysis published in Educational Research Review examined the effects of parental involvement on pupil achievement.
The authors looked at 5,000 studies and found 37 that met their selection criteria. The selected studies included more than 80,000 pupils and their families.
The included studies had to:
Take place between kindergarten (Year 1) and 12th grade (Year 13).
Be published between 2000 and 2013.
Report parent participation in their children’s education, but not as part of a designated programme.
Examine the effects of parent involvement on academic achievement quantitatively.
Because each study looked at different variables affecting achievement outcomes, as well as different populations affected, the authors broke down each study into independent analytical units and calculated 108 effect sizes for comparison.
They found that parental expectations had the largest influence on children’s academic achievement, followed by discussing school activities with children and helping them develop reading habits. Homework supervision and participation in school activities demonstrated the least effect.
Source: Parental involvement on student academic achievement: a meta-analysis (2015), Educational Research Review